Sending email with PHP from an SMTP server

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$from = "someonelse@example.com";
$headers = "From:" . $from;
echo mail ("borutflis1@gmail.com" ,"testmailfunction" , "Oj",$headers);

I have trouble sending email in PHP. I get an error: SMTP server response: 530 SMTP authentication is required.

I was under the impression that you can send email without SMTP to verify. I know that this mail will propably get filtered out, but that doesn't matter right now.

[mail function]
; For Win32 only.
; http://php.net/smtp
SMTP = localhost
; http://php.net/smtp-port
smtp_port = 25

; For Win32 only.
; http://php.net/sendmail-from
sendmail_from = someonelse@example.com

This is the setup in the php.ini file. How should I set up SMTP? Are there any SMTP servers that require no verification or must I setup a server myself?

This Question Has 6 Answeres | Orginal Question | Borut Flis

The problem is that PHP mail() function has a very limited functionality. There are several ways to send mail from PHP.

  1. mail() uses SMTP server on your system. There are at least two servers you can use on Windows: hMailServer and xmail. I spent several hours configuring and getting them up. First one is simpler in my opinion. Right now, hMailServer is working on Windows 7 x64.
  2. mail() uses SMTP server on remote or virtual machine with Linux. Of course, real mail service like Gmail doesn't allow direct connection without any credentials or keys. You can set up virtual machine or use one located in your LAN. Most linux distros have mail server out of the box. Configure it and have fun. I use default exim4 on Debian 7 that listens its LAN interface.
  3. Mailing libraries use direct connections. Libs are easier to set up. I used SwiftMailer and it perfectly sends mail from Gmail account. I think that PHPMailer is pretty good too.

No matter what choice is your, I recommend you use some abstraction layer. You can use PHP library on your development machine running Windows and simply mail() function on production machine with Linux. Abstraction layer allows you to interchange mail drivers depending on system which your application is running on. Create abstract MyMailer class or interface with abstract send() method. Inherit two classes MyPhpMailer and MySwiftMailer. Implement send() method in appropriate ways.

Here is a way to do it with PHP PEAR

// Pear Mail Library
require_once "Mail.php";

$from = '<your@mail.com>'; //change this to your email address
$to = '<someone@mail.com>'; // change to address
$subject = 'Insert subject here'; // subject of mail
$body = "Hello world! this is the content of the email"; //content of mail

$headers = array(
    'From' => $from,
    'To' => $to,
    'Subject' => $subject
);

$smtp = Mail::factory('smtp', array(
        'host' => 'ssl://smtp.gmail.com',
        'port' => '465',
        'auth' => true,
        'username' => 'your@gmail.com', //your gmail account
        'password' => 'snip' // your password
    ));

// Send the mail
$mail = $smtp->send($to, $headers, $body);

If you use gmail smtp remember to enable SMTP in you gmail account, under settings

When you are sending an e-mail through a server that requires SMTP Auth, you really need to specify it, and set the host, username and password (and maybe the port if it is not the default one - 25).

For example, I usually use PHPMailer with similar settings to this ones:

$mail = new PHPMailer();
$mail->IsSMTP();
$mail->CharSet = 'UTF-8';

$mail->Host       = "mail.example.com"; // SMTP server example
$mail->SMTPDebug  = 0;                     // enables SMTP debug information (for testing)
$mail->SMTPAuth   = true;                  // enable SMTP authentication
$mail->Port       = 25;                    // set the SMTP port for the GMAIL server
$mail->Username   = "username"; // SMTP account username example
$mail->Password   = "password";        // SMTP account password example

You can find more about PHPMailer here: https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer

For Unix users, mail() is actually using Sendmail command to send email. Instead of modifying the application, you can change the environment. msmtp is an SMTP client with Sendmail compatible CLI syntax which means it can be used in place of Sendmail. It only requires a small change to your php.ini.

sendmail_path = "/usr/bin/msmtp -C /path/to/your/config -t"

Then even the lowly mail() function can work with SMTP goodness. It is super useful if you're trying to connect an existing application to mail services like sendgrid or mandrill without modifying the application.

<?php
    ini_set("SMTP", "aspmx.l.google.com");
    ini_set("sendmail_from", "YOURMAIL@gmail.com");

    $message = "The mail message was sent with the following mail setting:\r\nSMTP = aspmx.l.google.com\r\nsmtp_port = 25\r\nsendmail_from = YourMail@address.com";

    $headers = "From: YOURMAIL@gmail.com";


    mail("Sending@provider.com", "Testing", $message, $headers);
    echo "Check your email now....<BR/>";
?>

OR

READ ON

There are some SMTP servers that work without authentication, but if the server requires authentication, there is no way to circumvent that.

PHP's built-in mail functions are very limited - specifying the SMTP server is possible in WIndows only. On *nix, mail() will use the OS's binaries.

If you want to send E-Mail to an arbitrary SMTP server on the net, consider using a library like SwiftMailer. That will enable you to use, for example, Google Mail's outgoing servers.


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Sajjad Hossain

I have five years of experience in web development sector. I love to do amazing projects and share my knowledge with all.

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