PHP + MySQL transactions examples

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I really haven't found normal example of PHP file where MySQL transactions are being used. Can you show me simple example of that?

And one more question. I've already done a lot of programming and didn't use transactions. Can I put a PHP function or something in header.php that if one mysql_query fails, then the others fail too?


I think I have figured it out, is it right?:

mysql_query("SET AUTOCOMMIT=0"); mysql_query("START TRANSACTION"); $a1 = mysql_query("INSERT INTO rarara (l_id) VALUES('1')"); $a2 = mysql_query("INSERT INTO rarara (l_id) VALUES('2')"); if ($a1 and $a2) { mysql_query("COMMIT"); } else { mysql_query("ROLLBACK"); } 
This Question Has 8 Answeres | Orginal Question | good_evening

As this is the first result on google for "php mysql transaction", I thought I'd add an answer that explicitly demonstrates how to do this with mysqli (as the original author wanted examples). Here's a simplified example of transactions with PHP/mysqli:

// let's pretend that a user wants to create a new "group". we will do so // while at the same time creating a "membership" for the group which // consists solely of the user themselves (at first). accordingly, the group // and membership records should be created together, or not at all. // this sounds like a job for: TRANSACTIONS! (*cue music*) $group_name = "The Thursday Thumpers"; $member_name = "EleventyOne"; $conn = new mysqli($db_host,$db_user,$db_passwd,$db_name); // error-check this // note: this is meant for InnoDB tables. won't work with MyISAM tables. try { $conn->autocommit(FALSE); // i.e., start transaction // assume that the TABLE groups has an auto_increment id field $query = "INSERT INTO groups (name) "; $query .= "VALUES ('$group_name')"; $result = $conn->query($query); if ( !$result ) { $result->free(); throw new Exception($conn->error); } $group_id = $conn->insert_id; // last auto_inc id from *this* connection $query = "INSERT INTO group_membership (group_id,name) "; $query .= "VALUES ('$group_id','$member_name')"; $result = $conn->query($query); if ( !$result ) { $result->free(); throw new Exception($conn->error); } // our SQL queries have been successful. commit them // and go back to non-transaction mode. $conn->commit(); $conn->autocommit(TRUE); // i.e., end transaction } catch ( Exception $e ) { // before rolling back the transaction, you'd want // to make sure that the exception was db-related $conn->rollback(); $conn->autocommit(TRUE); // i.e., end transaction } 

Also, keep in mind that PHP 5.5 has a new method mysqli::begin_transaction. However, this has not been documented yet by the PHP team, and I'm still stuck in PHP 5.3, so I can't comment on it.

I think I have figured it out, is it right?:

mysql_query("START TRANSACTION"); $a1 = mysql_query("INSERT INTO rarara (l_id) VALUES('1')"); $a2 = mysql_query("INSERT INTO rarara (l_id) VALUES('2')"); if ($a1 and $a2) { mysql_query("COMMIT"); } else { mysql_query("ROLLBACK"); } 

Please check which storage engine you are using. If it is MyISAM, then Transaction('COMMIT','ROLLBACK') will not be supported because only the InnoDB storage engine, not MyISAM, supports transactions.

I had this, but not sure if this is correct. Could try this out also.

mysql_query("START TRANSACTION"); $flag = true; $query = "INSERT INTO testing (myid) VALUES ('test')"; $query2 = "INSERT INTO testing2 (myid2) VALUES ('test2')"; $result = mysql_query($query) or trigger_error(mysql_error(), E_USER_ERROR); if (!$result) { $flag = false; } $result = mysql_query($query2) or trigger_error(mysql_error(), E_USER_ERROR); if (!$result) { $flag = false; } if ($flag) { mysql_query("COMMIT"); } else { mysql_query("ROLLBACK"); } 

Idea from here: http://www.phpknowhow.com/mysql/transactions/

<?php // trans.php function begin(){ mysql_query("BEGIN"); } function commit(){ mysql_query("COMMIT"); } function rollback(){ mysql_query("ROLLBACK"); } mysql_connect("localhost","Dude1", "SuperSecret") or die(mysql_error()); mysql_select_db("bedrock") or die(mysql_error()); $query = "INSERT INTO employee (ssn,name,phone) values ('123-45-6789','Matt','1-800-555-1212')"; begin(); // transaction begins $result = mysql_query($query); if(!$result){ rollback(); // transaction rolls back echo "transaction rolled back"; exit; }else{ commit(); // transaction is committed echo "Database transaction was successful"; } ?> 

The idea I generally use when working with transactions looks like this (semi-pseudo-code):

try { // First of all, let's begin a transaction $db->beginTransaction(); // A set of queries; if one fails, an exception should be thrown $db->query('first query'); $db->query('second query'); $db->query('third query'); // If we arrive here, it means that no exception was thrown // i.e. no query has failed, and we can commit the transaction $db->commit(); } catch (Exception $e) { // An exception has been thrown // We must rollback the transaction $db->rollback(); } 


Note that, with this idea, if a query fails, an Exception must be thrown:

  • PDO can do that, depending on how you configure it
  • else, with some other API, you might have to test the result of the function used to execute a query, and throw an exception yourself.


Unfortunately, there is no magic involved. You cannot just put an instruction somewhere and have transactions done automatically: you still have to specific which group of queries must be executed in a transaction.

For example, quite often you'll have a couple of queries before the transaction (before the begin) and another couple of queries after the transaction (after either commit or rollback) and you'll want those queries executed no matter what happened (or not) in the transaction.

I made a function to get a vector of queries and do a transaction, maybe someone will find out it useful:

function transaction ($con, $Q){ mysqli_query($con, "START TRANSACTION"); for ($i = 0; $i < count ($Q); $i++){ if (!mysqli_query ($con, $Q[$i])){ echo 'Error! Info: <' . mysqli_error ($con) . '> Query: <' . $Q[$i] . '>'; break; } } if ($i == count ($Q)){ mysqli_query($con, "COMMIT"); return 1; } else { mysqli_query($con, "ROLLBACK"); return 0; } } 

One more procedural style example with mysqli_multi_query, assumes $query is filled with semicolon-separated statements.

mysqli_begin_transaction ($link); for (mysqli_multi_query ($link, $query); mysqli_more_results ($link); mysqli_next_result ($link) ); ! mysqli_errno ($link) ? mysqli_commit ($link) : mysqli_rollback ($link); 

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Sajjad Hossain

I have five years of experience in web development sector. I love to do amazing projects and share my knowledge with all.

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