Parsing JSON file with PHP

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  • In: Basic PHP

I tried to parse a JSON file using PHP. But I am stuck now.

This is my JSON file

{
    "John": {
        "status":"Wait"
    },
    "Jennifer": {
        "status":"Active"
    },
    "James": {
        "status":"Active",
        "age":56,
        "count":10,
        "progress":0.0029857,
        "bad":0
    }
}

And this is my PHP so far:

<?php
$string = file_get_contents("/home/michael/test.json");
$json_a = json_decode($string, true);
echo $json_a['John'][status];
echo $json_a['Jennifer'][status];
?>

But because I don't know the names (like John, Jennifer) and all available keys and values (like age, count) beforehand, I think I need to create some foreach loop.

I would appreciate an example for this.

This Question Has 14 Answeres | Orginal Question | John Doe

Try it:

foreach ($json_a as $key => $value)
 {
   echo $key, ' : ';
   foreach($value as $v)
   {
       echo $v."  ";
   }
}

Try

<?php
$string = file_get_contents("/home/michael/test.json");
$json_a=json_decode($string,true);

foreach ($json_a as $key => $value){
  echo  $key . ':' . $value;
}
?>

More standard answer:

$jsondata = file_get_contents(PATH_TO_JSON_FILE."/jsonfile.json");

$array = json_decode($jsondata,true);

foreach($array as $k=>$val):
    echo '<b>Name: '.$k.'</b></br>';
    $keys = array_keys($val);
    foreach($keys as $key):
        echo '&nbsp;'.ucfirst($key).' = '.$val[$key].'</br>';
    endforeach;
endforeach;

And the output is:

Name: John
 Status = Wait
Name: Jennifer
 Status = Active
Name: James
 Status = Active
 Age = 56
 Count = 10
 Progress = 0.0029857
 Bad = 0
$json_a = json_decode($string, TRUE);
$json_o = json_decode($string);



foreach($json_a as $person => $value)
{
    foreach($value as $key => $personal)
    {
        echo $person. " with ".$key . " is ".$personal;
        echo "<br>";
    }

}

To iterate over a multidimensional array, you can use RecursiveArrayIterator

$jsonIterator = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
    new RecursiveArrayIterator(json_decode($json, TRUE)),
    RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

foreach ($jsonIterator as $key => $val) {
    if(is_array($val)) {
        echo "$key:\n";
    } else {
        echo "$key => $val\n";
    }
}

Output:

John:
status => Wait
Jennifer:
status => Active
James:
status => Active
age => 56
count => 10
progress => 0.0029857
bad => 0

run on codepad

You have to give like this:

echo  $json_a['John']['status']; 

echo "<>"

echo  $json_a['Jennifer']['status'];

br inside <>

Which gives the result :

wait
active

The quickest way to echo all json values is using loop in loop, the first loop is going to get all the objects and the second one the values...

foreach($data as $object) {

        foreach($object as $value) {

            echo $value;

        }

    }

It's completely beyond me that no one pointed out that your begining "tags" are wrong. You're creating an object with {}, while you could create an array with [].

[ // <-- Note that I changed this
    {
        "name" : "john", // And moved the name here.
        "status":"Wait"
    },
    {
        "name" : "Jennifer",
        "status":"Active"
    },
    {
        "name" : "James",
        "status":"Active",
        "age":56,
        "count":10,
        "progress":0.0029857,
        "bad":0
    }
] // <-- And this.

With this change, the json will be parsed as an array instead of an object. And with that array, you can do whatever you want, like loops etc.

Try:

$string = file_get_contents("/home/michael/test.json");
$json = json_decode($string, true);

foreach ($json as $key => $value) {
    if (!is_array($value)) {
        echo $key . '=>' . $value . '<br />';
    } else {
        foreach ($value as $key => $val) {
            echo $key . '=>' . $val . '<br />';
        }
    }
}

When you decode a json string, you will get an object. not an array. So the best way to see the structure you are getting, is to make a var_dump of the decode. (this var_dump can help you understand the structure, mainly in complex cases).

<?php
     $json = file_get_contents('/home/michael/test.json');
     $json_a = json_decode($json);
     var_dump($json_a); // just to see the structure. It will help you for future cases
     echo "\n";
     foreach($json_a as $row){
         echo $row->status;
         echo "\n";
     }
?>

The most elegant solution:

$shipments = json_decode(file_get_contents("shipments.js"), true);
print_r($shipments);

Remember that the json-file has to be encoded in UTF-8 without BOM. If the file has BOM, then json_decode will return NULL.

Alternatively:

$shipments = json_encode(json_decode(file_get_contents("shipments.js"), true));
echo $shipments;

Loop through the JSON with a foreach loop as key-value pairs. Do type-checking to determine if more looping needs to be done.

foreach($json_a as $key => $value) {
    echo $key;
    if (gettype($value) == "object") {
        foreach ($value as $key => $value) {
          # and so on
        }
    }
}

Try This

$json_data = '{
"John": {
    "status":"Wait"
},
"Jennifer": {
    "status":"Active"
},
"James": {
    "status":"Active",
    "age":56,
    "count":10,
    "progress":0.0029857,
    "bad":0
  }
 }';

 $decode_data = json_decode($json_data);
foreach($decode_data as $key=>$value){

        print_r($value);
}

I can't believe so many people are posting answers without reading the JSON properly.

If you foreach iterate $json_a alone, you have an object of objects. Even if you pass in true as the second parameter, you have a two-dimensional array. If you're looping through the first dimension you can't just echo the second dimension like that. So this is wrong:

foreach ($json_a as $k => $v) {
   echo $k, ' : ', $v;
}

To echo the statuses of each person, try this:

<?php

$string = file_get_contents("/home/michael/test.json");
$json_a = json_decode($string, true);

foreach ($json_a as $person_name => $person_a) {
    echo $person_a['status'];
}

?>

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