How to access object properties with names like integers?

    |
  • Added:
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  • In: Basic PHP

How to access a PHP Associative array element whose output is:

[highlighting] => stdClass Object
        (
            [448364] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [Data] => Array
                        (
                            [0] => Tax amount liability is .......

I want to access the string value in the key [0]. I want to do something like:

print myVar->highlighting->448364->Data->0

But the two numerals/integers there seems to be problem.

EDIT:

I will give a bit of history here as to from where do I get myVar. I am using json_decode() something like:

$myVar = json_decode(url)
This Question Has 5 Answeres | Orginal Question | avinash shah

PHP has its share of dark alleys that you really don't want to find yourself inside. Object properties with names that are numbers is one of them...

What they never told you

Fact #1: You cannot access properties with names that are not legal variable names easily

$a = array('123' => '123', '123foo' => '123foo');
$o = (object)$a;
echo $o->123foo; // error

Fact #2: You can access such properties with curly brace syntax

$a = array('123' => '123', '123foo' => '123foo');
$o = (object)$a;
echo $o->{'123foo'}; // OK!

Fact #3: But not if the property name is all digits!

$a = array('123' => '123', '123foo' => '123foo');
$o = (object)$a;
echo $o->{'123foo'}; // OK!
echo $o->{'123'}; // error!

Live example.

Fact #4: Well, unless the object didn't come from an array in the first place.

$a = array('123' => '123');
$o1 = (object)$a;
$o2 = new stdClass;
$o2->{'123'} = '123'; // setting property is OK

echo $o1->{'123'}; // error!
echo $o2->{'123'}; // works... WTF?

Live example.

Pretty intuitive, don't you agree?

What you can do

Option #1: do it manually

The most practical approach is simply to cast the object you are interested in back into an array, which will allow you to access the properties:

$a = array('123' => '123', '123foo' => '123foo');
$o = (object)$a;
$a = (array)$o;
echo $o->{'123'}; // error!
echo $a['123']; // OK!

Unfortunately, this does not work recursively. So in your case you 'd need to do something like:

$highlighting = (array)$myVar->highlighting;
$data = (array)$highlighting['448364']->Data;
$value = $data['0']; // at last!

Option #2: the nuclear option

An alternative approach would be to write a function that converts objects to arrays recursively:

function recursive_cast_to_array($o) {
    $a = (array)$o;
    foreach ($a as &$value) {
        if (is_object($value)) {
            $value = recursive_cast_to_array($value);
        }
    }

    return $a;
}

$arr = recursive_cast_to_array($myVar);
$value = $arr['highlighting']['448364']['Data']['0'];

However, I 'm not convinced that this is a better option across the board because it will needlessly cast to arrays all of the properties that you are not interested in as well as those you are.

Option #3: playing it clever

An alternative of the previous option is to use the built-in JSON functions:

$arr = json_decode(json_encode($myVar), true);
$value = $arr['highlighting']['448364']['Data']['0'];

The JSON functions helpfully perform a recursive conversion to array without the need to define any external functions. However desirable this looks, it has the "nuke" disadvantage of option #2 and additionally the disadvantage that if there is any strings inside your object, those strings must be encoded in UTF-8 (this is a requirement of json_encode).

Just wanted to add to Jon's eloquent explanation the reason why this fails. It's all because when creating an array, php converts keys to integers — if it can — which causes lookup problems on arrays which have been cast to objects, simply because the numeric key is preserved. This is problematic because all property access options expect or convert to strings. You can confirm this by doing the following:

$arr = array('123' => 'abc');
$obj = (object) $arr;
$obj->{'123'} = 'abc';
print_r( $obj );

Which would output:

stdClass Object ( 
  [123] => 'abc', 
  [123] => 'abc'
)

So the object has two property keys, one numeric (which can't be accessed) and one string based. This is the reason why Jon's #Fact 4 works, because by setting the property using curly braces means you always define a string-based key, rather than numeric.

Taking Jon's solution, but turning it on its head, you can generate an object from your array that always has string-based keys by doing the following:

$obj = json_decode(json_encode($arr));

From now on you can use either of the following because access in this manner always converts the value inside the curly brace to a string:

$obj->{123};
$obj->{'123'};

Good old illogical PHP...

I had copied this function from the net. If it works as it says ("Function to Convert stdClass Objects to Multidimensional Arrays"), try the following:

<?php

    function objectToArray($d) {
        if (is_object($d)) {
            // Gets the properties of the given object
            // with get_object_vars function
            $d = get_object_vars($d);
        }

        if (is_array($d)) {
            /*
            * Return array converted to object
            * Using __FUNCTION__ (Magic constant)
            * for recursive call
            */
            return array_map(__FUNCTION__, $d);
        }
        else {
            // Return array
            return $d;
        }
    }

?>
  • first pass your array to objectToArray function
  • then take the return value
  • echo [highlighting][448364][Data][0]

Source: PHP stdClass to Array and Array to stdClass

I'm afraid you aren't allowed to name objects starting with numerics. Rename the first one "448364" starting with a letter.

The second one is an array, those are to be accessed by brackets like so:

print myVar->highlighting->test_448364->Data[0]

instead

If an object begins with @ like:

SimpleXMLElement Object (
    [@attributes] => Array (
        [href] => qwertyuiop.html
        [id] => html21
        [media-type] => application/xhtml+xml
    )
)

You have to use:

print_r($parent_object->attributes());

because $parent_object->{'@attributes'} or $parent_object['@attributes'] won't work.


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Sajjad Hossain

I have five years of experience in web development sector. I love to do amazing projects and share my knowledge with all.
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