Hiding the scrollbar on an HTML page

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Can CSS be used to hide the scroll-bar? How would you do this?

This Question Has 18 Answeres | Orginal Question | ANP

I wrote a webkit version with some options like auto hide, little version, scroll only-y or only-x

._scrollable{ @size: 15px; @little_version_ratio: 2; @scrollbar-bg-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.15); @scrollbar-handler-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.15); @scrollbar-handler-color-hover: rgba(0,0,0,0.3); @scrollbar-coner-color: rgba(0,0,0,0); overflow-y: scroll; overflow-x: scroll; -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; width: 100%; height: 100%; &::-webkit-scrollbar { background: none; width: @size; height: @size; } &::-webkit-scrollbar-track { background-color:@scrollbar-bg-color; border-radius: @size; } &::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb { border-radius: @size; background-color:@scrollbar-handler-color; &:hover{ background-color:@scrollbar-handler-color-hover; } } &::-webkit-scrollbar-corner { background-color: @scrollbar-coner-color; } &.little{ &::-webkit-scrollbar { background: none; width: @size / @little_version_ratio; height: @size / @little_version_ratio; } &::-webkit-scrollbar-track { border-radius: @size / @little_version_ratio; } &::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb { border-radius: @size / @little_version_ratio; } } &.autoHideScrollbar{ overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden; &:hover{ overflow-y: scroll; overflow-x: scroll; -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; &.only-y{ overflow-y: scroll !important; overflow-x: hidden !important; } &.only-x{ overflow-x: scroll !important; overflow-y: hidden !important; } } } &.only-y:not(.autoHideScrollbar){ overflow-y: scroll !important; overflow-x: hidden !important; } &.only-x:not(.autoHideScrollbar){ overflow-x: scroll !important; overflow-y: hidden !important; } } 

http://codepen.io/hicTech/pen/KmKrjb

To disable vertical scroll bar just add : overflow-y:hidden;

Find more about :overflow

For completeness' sake, this works for webkit:

#element::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; } 

If you want all scrollbars hidden, use

::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; } 

I'm not sure about restoring - this did work, but there might be a right way to do it:

::-webkit-scrollbar { display: block; } 

You can of course always use width: 0, which can than be easily restored with width: auto, but I'm not a fan of abusing width for visibility tweaks.

To see if your current browser supports this, try this snippet:

.content { /* These rules create an artificially confined space, so we get a scrollbar that we can hide. They are not part of the hiding itself. */ border: 1px dashed gray; padding: .5em; white-space: pre-wrap; height: 5em; overflow-y: scroll; } .content::-webkit-scrollbar { /* This is the magic bit */ display: none; }
<div class='content'> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Mauris eu urna et leo aliquet malesuada ut ac dolor. Fusce non arcu vel ligula fermentum sodales a quis sapien. Sed imperdiet justo sit amet venenatis egestas. Integer vitae tempor enim. In dapibus nisl sit amet purus congue tincidunt. Morbi tincidunt ut eros in rutrum. Sed quam erat, faucibus vel tempor et, elementum at tortor. Praesent ac libero at arcu eleifend mollis ut eget sapien. Duis placerat suscipit eros, eu tempor tellus facilisis a. Vivamus vulputate enim felis, a euismod diam elementum non. Duis efficitur ac elit non placerat. Integer porta viverra nunc, sed semper ipsum. Nam laoreet libero lacus. Sed sit amet tincidunt felis. Sed imperdiet, nunc ut porta elementum, eros mi egestas nibh, facilisis rutrum sapien dolor quis justo. Quisque nec magna erat. Phasellus vehicula porttitor nulla et dictum. Sed tincidunt scelerisque finibus. Maecenas consequat massa aliquam pretium volutpat. Duis elementum magna vel velit elementum, ut scelerisque odio faucibus. </div>


(Note that this is not really a correct answer to the question because it hides the horizontal bars as well, but that's what I was looking for when Google pointed me here, so I figured I'd post it anyway.)

I think i found a work around for you guys if you're still interested. This is my first week but it worked for me..

<div class="contentScroller"> <div class="content"> </div> </div> .contentScroller {overflow-y: auto; visibility: hidden;} .content {visibility: visible;} 

Use css overflow property:

.noscroll { width:150px; height:150px; overflow: auto; /* or hidden, or visible */ } 

Here are some more examples:

If you're looking for a solution to hide a scrollbar for mobile devices, follow Peter's answer!

Here's a jsfiddle, which uses the solution below to hide a horizontal scrollbar.

.scroll-wrapper{ overflow-x: scroll; } .scroll-wrapper::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; } 

Tested on a Samsung tablet with Android 4.0.4 (both in the native browser & Chrome) and on an iPad with iOS 6 (both in Safari & Chrome).

Cross Browser Approach to hiding the scrollbar.

Tested Edge, Chrome, Firefox, Safari

Hide scrollbar while still being able to scroll with mouse wheel! codepen

/* make parent invisible */ #parent { visibility: hidden; overflow: scroll; } /* safari and chrome specific style, don't need to make parent invisible because we can style webkit scrollbars */ #parent:not(*:root) { visibility: visible; } /* make safari and chrome scrollbar invisible */ #parent::-webkit-scrollbar { visibility: hidden; } /* make the child visible */ #child { visibility: visible; } 

Just thought I'd point out to anyone else reading this question that setting overflow: hidden (or overflow-y) on the body element didn't hide the scrollbars for me. I had to use the HTML element.

You can use the CSS property overflow and -ms-overflow-style with a combination with ::-webkit-scrollbar.

Tested on IE10+, Firefox, Safari and Chrome and works good:

.container { -ms-overflow-style: none; // IE 10+ overflow: -moz-scrollbars-none; // Firefox } .container::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; // Safari and Chrome } 

This is a much better solution than the others when you hide the scrollbar with padding-right, because the default scrollbar width is different on each browser.

Note: In the latest versions of Firefox the -moz-scrollbars-none property is deprecated ( link ).

I believe you can manipulate it with the overflow CSS attribute, but they have limited browser support. One source said it was IE5+, Firefox 1.5+, and Safari 3+ - maybe enough for your purposes.

This link has a good discussion: http://www.search-this.com/2008/03/26/scrolling-scrolling-scrolling/

As the other people already said, use CSS overflow.

But if you still want the user to be able to scroll that content (without the scrollbar being visible) you have to use JavaScript. Se my answer here for a solution: hide scrollbar while still able to scroll with mouse/keyboard

My answer will scroll even when overflow:hidden; using jquery

for example scroll horizontally with mouse wheel:

<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.10.2/jquery.min.js"></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='/js/jquery.mousewheel.min.js'></script> <script type="text/javascript"> $(function() { $("YourSelector").mousewheel(function(event, delta) { this.scrollLeft -= (delta * 30); event.preventDefault(); }); }); </script> 

Yes, sort of..

When you ask the question, "Can the scroll-bars of a browser be removed in some way, rather than simply hidden or camouflaged", everyone will say "Not possible" because it is not possible to remove the scrollbars from all browsers in a compliant and cross-compatible way, and then there's the whole argument of usability.

However, it is possible to prevent the browser from ever having the need to generate and display scrollbars if you do not allow your webpage to overflow.

This just means that we have to proactively substitute the same behavior that the browser would typically do for us and tell the browser thanks but no thanks buddy. Rather than try to remove scrollbars (which we all know is not possible) we can avoid scrolling (perfectly feasible) and scroll within the elements that we make and have more control over.

Create a div with overflow hidden. Detect when the user attempts to scroll but is unable to because we've disabled the browsers ability to scroll with overflow: hidden.. and instead move the content up using Javascript when this occurs. Thereby creating our own scrolling without the browsers default scrolling or use a plugin like iScroll

---

For the sake of being thorough; all the vendor specific ways of manipulating scroll-bars:

Internet Explorer 5.5+

*These properties were never part of the CSS spec, nor were they ever approved or vendor prefixed but they work in Internet Explorer and Konqueror. These can also be set locally in the user style sheet for each application. In IE you find it under the "Accessibility" tab, in Konqueror under the "Stylesheets" tab.

body, html { /* these are default, can be replaced by hex color values */ scrollbar-base-color: aqua; scrollbar-face-color: ThreeDFace; scrollbar-highlight-color: ThreeDHighlight; scrollbar-3dlight-color: ThreeDLightShadow; scrollbar-shadow-color: ThreeDDarkShadow; scrollbar-darkshadow-color: ThreeDDarkShadow; scrollbar-track-color: Scrollbar; scrollbar-arrow-color: ButtonText; } 

As of IE8 these properties were vendor prefixed by Microsoft but were still never approved by W3C.

-ms-scrollbar-base-color -ms-scrollbar-face-color -ms-scrollbar-highlight-color -ms-scrollbar-3dlight-color -ms-scrollbar-shadow-color -ms-scrollbar-darkshadow-color -ms-scrollbar-base-color -ms-scrollbar-track-color 

Further details about Internet Explorer

IE makes scroll available which sets whether or not to disable or enable scroll bars; it can also be used to get the value of the position of the scroll bars.

With Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 and later, when you use the !DOCTYPE declaration to specify standards-compliant mode, this attribute applies to the HTML element. When standards-compliant mode is not specified, as with earlier versions of IE, this attribute applies to the BODY element, NOT the HTML element.

It's also worth noting that when working with .NET the ScrollBar class in System.Windows.Controls.Primitives in the Presentation framework is responsible for rendering the scrollbars.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/ms534393(v=vs.85).aspx


Webkit

Webkit extensions related to scroll-bar customization are:

::-webkit-scrollbar {} /* 1 */ ::-webkit-scrollbar-button {} /* 2 */ ::-webkit-scrollbar-track {} /* 3 */ ::-webkit-scrollbar-track-piece {} /* 4 */ ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {} /* 5 */ ::-webkit-scrollbar-corner {} /* 6 */ ::-webkit-resizer {} /* 7 */ 

enter image description here

These can each be combined with additional pseudo-selectors:

  • :horizontal – The horizontal pseudo-class applies to any scrollbar pieces that have a horizontal orientation.
  • :vertical – The vertical pseudo-class applies to any scrollbar pieces that have a vertical orientation.
  • :decrement – The decrement pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It indicates whether or not the button or track piece will decrement the view’s position when used (e.g., up on a vertical scrollbar, left on a horizontal scrollbar).
  • :increment – The increment pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It indicates whether or not a button or track piece will increment the view’s position when used (e.g., down on a vertical scrollbar, right on a horizontal scrollbar).
  • :start – The start pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It indicates whether the object is placed before the thumb.
  • :end – The end pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It indicates whether the object is placed after the thumb.
  • :double-button – The double-button pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It is used to detect whether a button is part of a pair of buttons that are together at the same end of a scrollbar. For track pieces it indicates whether the track piece abuts a pair of buttons.
  • :single-button – The single-button pseudo-class applies to buttons and track pieces. It is used to detect whether a button is by itself at the end of a scrollbar. For track pieces it indicates whether the track piece abuts a singleton button.
  • :no-button – Applies to track pieces and indicates whether or not the track piece runs to the edge of the scrollbar, i.e., there is no button at that end of the track.
  • :corner-present – Applies to all scrollbar pieces and indicates whether or not a scrollbar corner is present.
  • :window-inactive – Applies to all scrollbar pieces and indicates whether or not the window containing the scrollbar is currently active. (In recent nightlies, this pseudo-class now applies to ::selection as well. We plan to extend it to work with any content and to propose it as a new standard pseudo-class.)

Examples of these combinations

::-webkit-scrollbar-track-piece:start { /* Select the top half (or left half) or scrollbar track individually */ } ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb:window-inactive { /* Select the thumb when the browser window isn't in focus */ } ::-webkit-scrollbar-button:horizontal:decrement:hover { /* Select the down or left scroll button when it's being hovered by the mouse */ } 

Further details about Chrome

addWindowScrollHandler
public static HandlerRegistration addWindowScrollHandler(Window.ScrollHandler handler)

  Adds a Window.ScrollEvent handler
Parameters:
  handler - the handler
Returns:
  returns the handler registration
[source](http://www.gwtproject.org/javadoc/latest/com/google/gwt/user/client/Window.html#addWindowScrollHandler(com.google.gwt.user.client.Window.ScrollHandler) )


Mozilla

Mozilla does have some extensions for manipulating the scroll-bars but they are all recommended not to be used.

  • -moz-scrollbars-none They recommend using overflow:hidden in place of this.
  • -moz-scrollbars-horizontal Similar to overflow-x
  • -moz-scrollbars-vertical Similar to overflow-y
  • -moz-hidden-unscrollable Only works internally within a users profile settings. Disables scrolling XML root elements and disables using arrow keys and mouse wheel to scroll web pages.

  • Mozilla Developer Docs on 'Overflow'

Further details about Mozilla

This is not really useful as far as I know, but it's worth noting that the attribute which controls whether or not scrollbars are displayed in Firefox is: (reference link)

  • Attribute:       scrollbars
  • Type:              nsIDOMBarProp
  • Description:  The object that controls whether or not scrollbars are shown in the window. This attribute is "replaceable" in JavaScript. Read only

Last but not least, padding is like magic.

As has been previously mentioned in some other answers, here is an illustration which is sufficiently self-explanatory.

enter image description here


History lesson

Scrollbars

Just because I'm curious, I wanted to learn about the origin of scrollbars and these are the best references I found.

Miscellaneous

In an HTML5 specification draft, the seamless attribute was defined to prevent scroll-bars from appearing in iFrames so that they could be blended with surrounding content on a page. Though this element does not appear in the latest revision.

The scrollbar BarProp object is a child of the window object and represents the user interface element that contains a scrolling mechanism, or some similar interface concept. window.scrollbars.visible will return true if the scroll bars are visible.

interface Window { // the current browsing context readonly attribute WindowProxy window; readonly attribute WindowProxy self; attribute DOMString name; [PutForwards=href] readonly attribute Location location; readonly attribute History history; readonly attribute UndoManager undoManager; Selection getSelection(); [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp locationbar; [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp menubar; [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp personalbar; [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp scrollbars; [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp statusbar; [Replaceable] readonly attribute BarProp toolbar; void close(); void focus(); void blur(); // truncated 

The History API also includes features for scroll restoration on page navigation to persist the scroll position on page load. window.history.scrollRestoration can be used to check the status of scrollrestoration or change it's status (appending ="auto"/"manual". Auto is the default value. Changing it to manual means that you as the developer will take ownership of any scroll changes that may be required when a user traverses the app's history. If you need to, you can keep track of the scroll position as you push history entries with history.pushState().

---

Further reading:

In addition to Peter's answer:

 #element::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; } 

This will work the same for IE10:

 #element { -ms-overflow-style: none; } 

my html is like this

<div class="container"> <div class="content"> </div> </div> 

add this to your div where you want to hide the scrollbar

.content { position: absolute; right: -100px; overflow-y: auto; overflow-x: hidden; height: 75%; /*this can be any value of your choice*/ } 

and add this to the container

.container { overflow-x: hidden; max-height: 100%; max-width: 100%; } 

You can accomplish this with a wrapper div that has it's overflow hidden, and the inner div set to auto.

To remove the inner div's scroll bar, you can pull it out of the outer div's viewport by applying a negative margin to the inner div. Then apply equal padding to the inner div so that the content stays in view.

JSFiddle

HTML

<div class="hide-scroll"> <div class="viewport"> ... </div> </div> 

CSS

.hide-scroll { overflow: hidden; } .viewport { overflow: auto; /* Make sure the inner div is not larger than the container * so that we have room to scroll. */ max-height: 100%; /* Pick an arbitrary margin/padding that should be bigger * than the max width of all the scroll bars across * the devices you are targeting. * padding = -margin */ margin-right: -100px; padding-right: 100px; } 

If you want scrolling to work, before hiding scrollbars, consider styling them. Modern versions of OS X and mobile OS's have scrollbars that, while impractical for grabbing with a mouse, are quite beautiful and neutral.

To hide scrollbars, a technique by John Kurlak works well except for leaving Firefox users who don't have touchpads with no way to scroll unless they have a mouse with a wheel, which they probably do, but even then they can usually only scroll vertically.

John's technique uses three elements:

  • An outer element to mask the scrollbars.
  • A middle element to have the scrollbars.
  • And a content element to both set the size of the middle element and make it have scrollbars.

It must be possible to set the size of the outer and content elements the same which eliminates using percentages, but I can't think of anything else that won't work with the right tweaking.

My biggest concern is whether all versions of browsers set scrollbars to make visible overflowed content visible. I have tested in current browsers, but not older ones.

Pardon my SASS ;P

%size { // set width and height } .outer { // mask scrollbars of child overflow: hidden; // set mask size @extend %size; // has absolutely positioned child position: relative; } .middle { // always have scrollbars. // don't use auto, it leaves vertical scrollbar showing overflow: scroll; // without absolute, the vertical scrollbar shows position: absolute; } // prevent text selection from revealing scrollbar, which it only does on // some webkit based browsers. .middle::-webkit-scrollbar { display: none; } .content { // push scrollbars behind mask @extend %size; } 

Testing

OS X is 10.6.8. Windows is Windows 7.

  • Firefox 32.0 Scrollbars hidden. Arrow keys don't scroll, even after clicking to focus, but mouse wheel and two fingers on trackpad do. OS X and Windows.
  • Chrome 37.0 Scrollbars hidden. Arrow keys work after clicking to focus. Mouse wheel and trackpad work. OS X and Windows.
  • Internet Explorer 11 Scrollbars hidden. Arrow keys work after clicking to focus. Mouse wheel works. Windows.
  • Safari 5.1.10 Scrollbars hidden. Arrow keys work after clicking to focus. Mouse wheel and trackpad work. OS X.
  • Android 4.4.4 and 4.1.2. Scrollbars hidden. Touch scrolling works. Tried in Chrome 37.0, Firefox 32.0, and HTMLViewer on 4.4.4 (whatever that is). In HTMLViewer, the page is the size of the masked content and can be scrolled too! Scrolling interacts acceptably with page zooming.

Set overflow: hidden; on the body tag like this:

<style type="text/css"> body { overflow:hidden; } </style> 

The code above hides both horizontal and vertical scrollbar.

If you want to hide only the vertical scrollbar, use overflow-y:

<style type="text/css"> body { overflow-y:hidden; } </style> 

And if you want to hide only the horizontal scrollbar, use overflow-x:

<style type="text/css"> body { overflow-x:hidden; } </style> 

update: I meant hidden, sorry, just woke up :-)


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Sajjad Hossain

I have five years of experience in web development sector. I love to do amazing projects and share my knowledge with all.

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