getting date format m-d-Y H:i:s.u from milliseconds

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I am trying to get a formatted date, including the microseconds from milliseconds.

The only problem is I keep getting 000000

date("m-d-Y H:i:s.u", $milliseconds/1000);

ex. 07-28-2013 11:26:14.000000

This Question Has 9 Answeres | Orginal Question | slik

PHP.NET says:

Microseconds (added in PHP 5.2.2). Note that date() will always generate 000000 since it takes an integer parameter, whereas DateTime::format() does support microseconds if DateTime was created with microseconds.

So use as simple:

$micro_date = microtime();
$date_array = explode(" ",$micro_date);
$date = date("Y-m-d H:i:s",$date_array[1]);
echo "Date: $date:" . $date_array[0]."<br>";

Recommended and use dateTime() class from referenced:

$t = microtime(true);
$micro = sprintf("%06d",($t - floor($t)) * 1000000);
$d = new DateTime( date('Y-m-d H:i:s.'.$micro, $t) );

print $d->format("Y-m-d H:i:s.u"); // note at point on "u"

Note u is microseconds (1 seconds = 1000000 ┬Ás).

More sample:

$d2=new DateTime("2012-07-08 11:14:15.889342");

Reference of dateTime() on php.net: http://php.net/manual/en/datetime.construct.php

I've answered on question as short and simplify to author. Please see for more information to author: getting date format m-d-Y H:i:s.u from milliseconds

You can readily do this this with the input format U.u.

$now = DateTime::createFromFormat('U.u', microtime(true));
echo $now->format("m-d-Y H:i:s.u");

This produces the following output:

04-13-2015 05:56:22.082300

From the PHP manual page for date formats:

  • U = Seconds since the Unix Epoch
  • u = Microseconds

http://php.net/manual/en/function.date.php


Thanks goes to giggsey for pointing out a flaw in my original answer, adding number_format() to the line should fix the case of the exact second. Too bad it doesn't feel quite as elegant any more...

$now = DateTime::createFromFormat('U.u', number_format(microtime(true), 6, '.', ''));

http://php.net/manual/en/function.number-format.php


A note on time zones in response to DaVe.

Normally the createFromFormat() method will use the local time zone if one is not specified.

http://php.net/manual/en/datetime.createfromformat.php

However, the technique described here is initialising the DateTime object using microtime() which returns the number of seconds elapsed since the Unix Epoch (01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT).

http://php.net/manual/en/function.microtime.php

This means that the DateTime object is implicitly initialised to UTC, which is fine for server internal tasks that just want to track elapsed time.

If you need to display the time for a particular time zone then you need to set it accordingly. However, this should be done as a separate step after the initialisation (not using the third parameter of createFromFormat()) because of the reasons discussed above.

The setTimeZone() method can be used to accomplish this requirement.

http://php.net/manual/en/datetime.settimezone.php

As an example:

$now = DateTime::createFromFormat('U.u', number_format(microtime(true), 6, '.', ''));
echo $now->format("m-d-Y H:i:s.u") . '<br>';

$local = $now->setTimeZone(new DateTimeZone('Australia/Canberra'));
echo $local->format("m-d-Y H:i:s.u") . '<br>';

Produces the following output:

10-29-2015 00:40:09.433818
10-29-2015 11:40:09.433818

If you want to format a date like JavaScript's (new Date()).toISOString() for some reason, this is how you can do it in PHP:

$now = microtime(true);
gmdate('Y-m-d\TH:i:s', $now).sprintf('.%03dZ',round(($now-floor($now))*1000));

Sample output:

2016-04-27T18:25:56.696Z

Just to prove that subtracting off the whole number doesn't reduce the accuracy of the decimal portion:

>>> number_format(123.01234567890123456789,25)
=> "123.0123456789012408307826263"
>>> number_format(123.01234567890123456789-123,25)
=> "0.0123456789012408307826263"

PHP did round the decimal places, but it rounded them the same way in both cases.

I'm use

echo date("Y-m-d H:i:s.").gettimeofday()["usec"];

output: 2017-09-05 17:04:57.555036

This is based on answer from ArchCodeMonkey.

But just simplified, if you just want something quick that works.

function DateTime_us_utc(){
    return DateTime::createFromFormat('U.u', number_format(microtime(true), 6, '.', ''));
}
function DateTime_us(){
    $now = DateTime_us_utc();
    return $now->setTimeZone(new DateTimeZone(date_default_timezone_get()));
}

So for me then

$now = DateTime_us();
$now->format("m-d-Y H:i:s.u");

Keep it simple

echo date('m-d-Y H:i:').(date('s')+fmod(microtime(true), 1));
// Procedural
$fineStamp = date('Y-m-d\TH:i:s') . substr(microtime(), 1, 9);
echo $fineStamp . PHP_EOL;

// Object-oriented (if you must). Still relies on $fineStamp though :-\
$d = new DateTime($fineStamp);
echo $d->format('Y-m-d\TH:i:s.u') . PHP_EOL;

The documentation says the following:

Microseconds (added in PHP 5.2.2). Note that date() will always generate 000000 since it takes an integer parameter, whereas DateTime::format() does support microseconds.

I.e., use DateTime instead.

Here's a slightly shorter approach. Rather than work to create a high-precision numeric date/time, I convert the microsecond value to a string, remove the 0, and add it to the end of the date/time string. I can easily trim the number of decimals by adjusting the string length parameter; here I use 4 to get milliseconds, but you could use 7 to get microseconds.

$t = explode(" ",microtime());
echo date("m-d-y H:i:s",$t[1]).substr((string)$t[0],1,4);

For a microtime() value of 0.98236000 1407400573, this returns 08-07-14 01:08:13.982.


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Sajjad Hossain

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